APTOPIX Congress Electoral College

Police with guns drawn watch as protesters try to break into the House Chamber at the U.S. Capitol on Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2021, in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

(CNN) -- Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell on Wednesday delivered a forceful rebuke of President Donald Trump's baseless claims of widespread election fraud, warning his fellow Republicans of the damage their efforts to try to overturn the election won by President-elect Joe Biden could do to democracy.

"The Constitution gives us here in Congress a limited role. We cannot simply declare ourselves the national board of elections on steroids," McConnell said on the Senate floor. "The voters, the courts and the states have all spoken. They've all spoken. If we overrule them, it would damage our Republic forever."

McConnell opened the Senate's debate of an objection to Arizona's election results that was formally lodged by a group of House and Senate Republicans, the first of at least three objections expected during Wednesday's ceremonial counting of the Electoral College votes.

Both chambers will debate and then vote on each objection before returning to the joint session to continue the electoral tally.

The push is destined to fail, with Democrats and a significant number of Republicans planning to vote down all of the objections in both the House and the Senate, criticizing the effort both as a hopeless attempt to reverse the election outcome and as a threat to democracy that would subvert the will of the voters.

Track the electoral vote count in Congress

The joint session got underway at 1 p.m. ET Wednesday and is poised to be a messy and contentious affair that will last late into evening and possibly into Thursday before Congress finally affirms Biden's win over Trump, 306 electoral votes to 232.

Some Senate Republicans are expected to join their House counterparts to object to results in Arizona, Georgia and Pennsylvania, and the House objectors are also seeking to force debate over votes in Michigan, Nevada and Wisconsin. Debate will last up to two hours per objection, followed by votes in each chamber.

While there is no evidence of widespread voter fraud, Trump and his campaign have been pushing baseless and false conspiracy theories that the election was rigged against him. The President and his allies lost dozens of lawsuits across the country both claiming fraud and challenging the constitutionality of state election laws altered due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

All eyes on Pence

As his losses have mounted, Trump has gone after the courts that ruled against him, state election officials and lawmakers who haven't embraced his conspiracy theories or tried to overturn the will of the voters, Senate Republicans who oppose his anti-democratic push to overturn the Electoral College result and even Vice President Mike Pence, who will preside over Wednesday's joint session of Congress.

Trump addressed his supporters who converged on Washington near the White House on Wednesday morning, continuing to pressure Pence to go beyond his authority in Wednesday's joint session of Congress.

"I hope Mike is going to do the right thing," Trump said at the rally on the Ellipse. "If Mike Pence does the right thing, we win the election."

But Pence wrote in a letter to lawmakers Wednesday that he did not have the "unilateral authority" to intervene.

"Our Founders were deeply skeptical of concentrations of power and created a Republic based on separation of powers and checks and balances under the Constitution of the United States," Pence wrote. "Vesting the Vice President with unilateral authority to decide presidential contests would be entirely antithetical to that design."

Hundreds of law enforcement officers, including the DC National Guard, have mobilized across Washington to support local authorities during the pro-Trump demonstrations as city leaders are bracing for potential clashes and violence.

Congress' counting of the Electoral College votes is typically little more than an afterthought, after the Electoral College officially votes for President in December. Just twice since the process was established in the 19th century have votes been forced on Electoral College results, and several other would-be challenges have quickly fizzled because no senator joined them.

McConnell sought to dissuade any senators from signing onto the objections to the Electoral College votes, which would have prevented roll-call votes on the challenges. But last week, Missouri GOP Sen. Josh Hawley announced he would join the objection to Pennsylvania.

Rep. Paul Gosar, an Arizona Republican, objected to Arizona's election results, along with with Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas.

Georgia GOP Sen. Kelly Loeffler -- who CNN projects has lost her seat to Democrat Raphael Warnock but will remain in office until Tuesday's Georgia runoff results are certified -- has signaled she will object to Georgia's result.

Joint session in the shadow of Georgia's runoff

Wednesday's debate is playing out as Democrats are on the cusp of sweeping the Georgia Senate races and taking control of a 50-50 Senate after Biden is sworn in and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris becomes the Senate's tie-breaking vote.

Wednesday's looming votes have created a major divide inside the Republican Party. The Senate Republican fight spilled into the open last week following Hawley's announcement, with Trump attacking McConnell and other Republicans who haven't joined.

In the House, No. 3 Republican Liz Cheney of Wyoming -- daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney -- has forcefully pushed back on the objections, while Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy has quietly backed them.

For every state where there's a House member and senator objecting, the two chambers will separate and debate for two hours, before voting on the objection. Aides have predicted each state objection will take as much as four hours.

The states' votes will be read alphabetically. That means Arizona is likely to be the first objection that Republicans raise. If either chamber votes down the objection after the debate, the states' votes are counted and then counting continues.

The last time a lawmaker forced votes on the Electoral College results was in 2005, when Sen. Barbara Boxer, a California Democrat, objected to President George W. Bush's win in Ohio, which she said was never an effort to overturn the election result. In 2017, a group of House Democrats raised several objections to states Trump won, but they were gaveled down because they didn't have a senator join -- by then-vice president Biden.

This story has been updated with additional developments.

The-CNN-Wire

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